Finger and Thumb Sprain

Injuries that involve tearing or stretching of the ligaments of your thumb or fingers are termed as sprains. Sprains in the fingers and thumb are most often caused from a fall when you extend your arms to reduce the impact of the fall, or from over-use or repetitive activity of the thumb such as with texting.

What are the symptoms of finger and thumb sprain?

Some of the symptoms of finger and thumb sprains include:

  • Reduction in your ability to grasp items
  • Pain immediately after the injury
  • Swelling and bruising of the fingers
  • Redness and tenderness

How are finger and thumb sprains diagnosed?

Finger and thumb sprains are diagnosed with the help of a physical examination of the hand to check for any abnormalities by moving your fingers in different positions. Your doctor may also suggest imaging tests such as X-rays to find the exact location of the injury.

What are the treatment options?

Finger and thumb sprains can be treated with the help of applying ice packs and immobilizing your finger or thumb to allow it to heal. You may also be given pain medications to reduce discomfort. Once your thumb and fingers heal, you will be advised to perform strengthening exercises to strengthen your fingers. Surgical treatment is very rare and may be required only in complex cases where the ligament is completely torn.

Useful Links

  • American Academy of Arthopaedic Surgeons
  • American Society For Surgery of The Hand